History and Significance of Dusara is so remarkable, one of the main Hindu holidays that concludes Navratri is Dusara. The celebration commemorates Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana. It also commemorates Goddess Durga’s victory over the demonic Mahishasura. On this day, fireworks are set off along with the burning of Ravana effigies to symbolise the annihilation of evil. Dussehra will be observed this year on October 5, 2022.
A major Hindu holiday known as Vijayadashami, Dusara, represents the good triumphing over evil. Every year, on the tenth day of the Navratras, that falls on the tenth day of the Ashwin or Kartika months according to the Hindu calendar, Hindus all over the world celebrate this event with tremendous fervour and passion.
Origins and Significance
While Significance of Dusara by a variety of names throughout India, including Dussehra or Vijayadashami in the East and North-east and Dussehra in the North and Western regions, the festival’s central theme—the triumph of Dharma (righteousness) over Adharma—remains constant (evil). Maa Durga’s victory over the demonic Mahishasura is commemorated during Druga Puja or Vijayadashami to safeguard darma. In contrast, the legend surrounding Dusara represents Lord Rama’s victory over Ravana. On this day, Ram lila, a condensed version of the Rama, Sita, and Laxman narrative, likewise comes to a conclusion. On Dusara, enormous effigies of the evil Meghanad, Kumbhakaran, and the demon King Ravana are set ablaze with pyrotechnics to serve as a constant reminder to observers that good always triumphs over evil.
The Hindu epic Mahabharata describes how Arjuna defeated the Kuru clan alone on the same day, including legendary warriors like Bhisma, Drona, Karna, and Ashwathama.
Everything you need to know about the Dusara rituals and facts
There are numerous legends surrounding Dusara or Vijayadashami that describe the various ways that the event is observed throughout India. For instance, Dusara is a festival honouring Lord Rama that is observed in the majority of North or Western Indian states. Prior to Dusara, when enormous effigies of Ravana, Kumbhakaran, and Meghanad are burned down, Ram lilas, which are reenactments of musical dramas based on the Ramcharitramanas, are performed.
On the other hand, the Hindu Goddess of education and the arts, Maa Sarasvati, is honoured in many South Indian locations where the festival is celebrated.
Significance of Dusara is people clean, worship, and ask for the blessings of Goddess Sarasvati over their means of subsistence. People fast and worship the nine forms of Goddess Druga during the nine days of Navratras leading up to Dussehra or Vijayadashami in Western India, particularly in Gujarat. These nine days include the playing of dandiya and garba. Maa Durga’s idol is submerged in water on the ninth day, symbolising her reunion with Lord Shiva on Mount Kailash. While this is happening, in West Bengal, Druga Puja precedes Vijayadashami, also known as Bijoy Dashomi, when clay figurines of Maa Druga are submerged in bodies of water to bid adieu.
Even though the celebration goes by many names, its fundamental meaning—the triumph of good over evil and the establishment of Dharma over Adharma—remains the same. Dussehra or Vijayadashami also represents the spiritual conclusion of evil and bad within us and the birth of something new.
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